Tel Arad (Arad Hill) is located about 10km from the modern city of Arad in southern Israel. Arad was one of the strategically located stops along the ancient trade route. Extensively excavations have uncovering remains from the Chalcolithic Era (c.4000BC) at the foot of the hill. Excavations revealed an Early Bronze Era settlement (3000-2300BC) including the Arad House, a typical home from that period. Later in the 11th century BC an Israelite settlement stood here. One of the most valuable finds was a piece of pottery (ostraca) engraved with writing naming one of the structures “the House of Yahweh” indicating that this was a place of worship (YahwemeaningG-d).The excavation site shows multiple levels of settlements from various historic periods.