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Bethlehem is in the West Bank, not far from Jerusalem; the modern city is home to both Christian and Muslim Arabs but is best known for its Biblical connection. Bethlehem is mentioned in the Old Testament as the City of David and as the burial site of Rachel, Jacob’s mother. In the New Testament Bethlehem is named as the place where Jesus was “born in a manger.” The modern city is home to the Church of the Nativity (325AD) build over a cave believed to be the place of Jesus’ birth and St. Catherine Church where the Christmas Eve mass is held each year.