This Crusader church is built on one of three possible sites for the Biblical town of Emmaus. The church is best known for having some of the best preserved Byzantine murals in the country. The murals which cover several surfaces of the interior, date back to the 1100s and although damaged have undergone painstaking restoration.
The church was built on Roman cisterns constructed here to collect water from the spring which runs beneath the upper level of the church. Today you can visit the upper chapter of the church and decend to the crypt where the Roman cisterns were located.